Antique watercolor of the "Camp of Caesar", whose sizeable fortifications have been the object of wonder for centuries. La Chaussée-Tirancourt (Somme). Abbeville Library.
Gallo-Roman settlements: Military structures
Oppida
A B C D E F G H
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Antique watercolor of the It is clear that Roman troops occupied and reinforced the oppidum at Chaussée-Tirancourt (Somme), even if the moated, exterior enclosures do not have the characteristics of Roman entrenchments. On the other hand, at Liercourt-Erondelle (Somme), the Romans considerably reinforced the oppidum's large levee of earth, and built a camp outside it. They probably established a presence on the hills of Liercourt and La Chaussée (Somme) after
the Gallic Wars in order to be able to deal with uprisings. Peace did not come easily!

The -camp of Caesar- was thought to be the perfect model of a   Same site. Large ditch and earth levee, which was raised up from the inside. The dark areas correspond to chalk extraction zones. The chalk appears in white where the wall was built up.
The "camp of Caesar" was thought to be the perfect model of a "Belgian" oppidum, with its earth levee and ditch blocking the plateau. However, recent excavations have given rise the thought that it was built after the Conquest. La Chaussée-Tirancourt (Somme).

  Same site. Large ditch and earth levee, which was raised up from the inside. The dark areas correspond to chalk extraction zones. The chalk appears in white where the wall was built up.

A second line of defense, completely leveled off and parallel to the first, dates from the same period. It was excavated by B. Bréart. In the foreground, we can make out the archaeological reconstructions of the site of Samara, at La Chaussée-Tirancourt (Somme).   The leveled Roman camp abuts the Gallic oppidum, where the earth levee is the highest. Liercourt-Erondelle (Somme).
A second line of defense, completely leveled off and parallel to the first, dates from the same period. It was excavated by B. Bréart. In the foreground, we can make out the archaeological reconstructions of the site of Samara, at La Chaussée-Tirancourt (Somme).   The leveled Roman camp abuts the Gallic oppidum, where the earth levee is the highest. Liercourt-Erondelle (Somme).


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