Gallo-Roman settlements: Houses
Architecture adapted to the region
A B C D E F G H
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Main residence built according to a linear plan, with a gallery-façade. Mareuil-Caubert (Somme).

Main residence built according to a linear plan, with a gallery-façade. Mareuil-Caubert (Somme).
Main residence with a gallery-façade. Model by H. Bernard (Abbeville Museum).

Main residence with a gallery-façade. Model by H. Bernard (Abbeville Museum).
The most common layout for large and small rural dwellings is a linear one — a simple rectangle that is three, four, or five times longer than it is wide. Modest dwellings are twenty to thirty meters long and are generally divided into three rooms.

Some larger and more elongated buildings can reach seventy to eighty meters in length. Nearly all have an exterior gallery, laid parallel to the principal façade, which is either open or closed at either end. Some galleries spill over onto one or more ends. Fairly often, one finds another gallery on the other façade. These galleries almost certainly had an ornamental role, but also served a practical function — they protected the doors and windows from bad weather because it is clear that there was no interior courtyard that could receive light.
In more elaborate buildlings, this gallery is flanked by two corner towers, and sometimes by only one.

A small Gallo-Roman villa with an exterior gallery at Noyelles-sur-Mer (Somme). A Gallo-Roman villa with a gallery on either façade at Bray-sur-Somme. The exterior gallery of this little villa had two corner towers. Flocques (Seine-Maritime).
A small Gallo-Roman villa with an exterior gallery at Noyelles-sur-Mer (Somme). A Gallo-Roman villa with a gallery on either façade at Bray-sur-Somme. The exterior gallery of this little villa had two corner towers. Flocques (Seine-Maritime).
In contrast to southern Gaul, in Picardy one does not find houses organized around
an interior courtyard with a peristyle and an atrium, like in the Mediterranean world. Nevertheless — although it can only be confirmed by archaeological excavations and precise aerial images — this could be the case at Villers-Faucon (Somme) and at Vieux-Rouen (Seine-Maritime).


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